Yesterday the Hefei center for Disease and Control issued a warning for people to avoid heat stroke by staying away from high temperature Environment .
In high temperature environment, there will be some changes in body temperature regulation, water and salt metabolism, circulatory , digestive system and other body functions . In severe cases, it will be manifested as acute heat-induced diseases, that is, heatstroke, and can even lead to death. According to the chief environmental physician of Hefei CDC, high temperature heatstroke can be divided into three categories: threatening , mild and severe . Elderly people, infants and children, pregnant women, patients with mental illness , cardiovascular and chronic diseases are most susceptible to heatstroke.
In order to prevent this , people should remember to cool down, drink more water, and ensure enough sleep. During high temperature period from 10 am to 4 pm, people should avoid going out as much as possible. If you must go out , then take with you plenty of water , sunscreen and anti-heat medicines. Turn on air conditioners or fans to keep rooms cool and avoid heavy physical work and strenuous exercises under hot weather even if you are in good health .
If someone encounters heat stroke, immediately move the patient to a ventilated, cool, dry place and let the patient lie on his back .Unbutton the collar and take off their coat. If the clothes are wet with sweat, change them into dry ones and turn on the fan or air conditioner to dissipate the heat. Be careful not to blow the fan directly onto the patient’s face .At the same time, cold compress head, armpit and groin with wet towel, wipe the whole body with warm water, massage to accelerate blood circulation and heat dissipation. If the patient is conscious, they can drink dilute saline, or take Rendan, 10 drops of water and Huoxiang Zhengqi Water (capsule), etc. If symptoms such as fever, coma and convulsions occur, the patient should lie on their side, head back, keep the respiratory tract unobstructed, and call 120 for help immediately.